Windows is a series of operating systems, computer operating system (OS) developed by Microsoft for personal desktops/devices or computer (PC). Each operating system comes with a graphical user interface (GUI) with a desktop that allows a user to view all files, videos, etc. It is designed to run on x86 hardware such as AMD, Intel processors. So windows OS comes with almost all company who made PC’s or laptops. Linux is an open-source operating system based on UNIX, created in 1991. It is software which sites underneath of all other software on a computer. Users can modify the existing code and create distributions from it as it is an open-source operating system. Linux is mostly used as a server – as most of the web pages over the internet are generated from Linux servers and
What is Windows Operating System?
I really don’t have to tell you what windows is that would be just irritating and I want you to actually read all of this so here’s the low down. The first version of Windows OS is released in 1985 which is a simple GUI, an extension of existing disk operating system (MS-DOS) and major release as my point of view was 1995 consumer release which has integrated windows and DOS with built-in internet support. Most of the PC are currently running on the Windows operating system only. The latest Windows OS version is Windows 10 which is currently ruling the market.
What is Linux Operating System?
Linux is an open-source operating system based on UNIX, created in 1991. Linux operating system also comes with a graphical user interface (GUI) with some necessary software’s which are used on a daily basis. It is also used in desktop computers, mobile devices, gaming consoles, digital storing devices, eBook readers, cameras, video recorders have Linux running.
Head to Head Comparison Between Linux and Windows
Below is the Top 5 Comparison Between Linux and Windows:
1. Open vs. closed sources
First off, I want it to be clear, I’m not talking about security here. This is about privacy. It has been well documented that Windows 10 is a privacy advocate’s worst enemy.
Windows includes some pretty serious invasions of your privacy. In fact, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) has said Windows 10 blatantly disregards user choice and privacy and that
Microsoft makes users “choose between having privacy and security” in how the OS handles data collection. Microsoft even went so far as to say they knew there was a problem with data collection and launched a web-based privacy dashboard, to help users reign in control of data collection.
Linux, on the other hand, takes user privacy very seriously. One only need look back to how Canonical handled user complaints about Ubuntu Unity and online privacy. After widespread complaints, Canonical switched the default behavior of Unity’s online search feature from enabled to disabled. The Linux platform does not collect user data. Period.
I’m going to preface this by saying no operating system is 100% secure. If your computer is attached to a network, it’s vulnerable. That being said, Windows’ Achilles has been, for a very long time, security. With every iteration, the spectre of security looms large over the operating system. Windows 10 is no different. Microsoft has made a few advances with Windows 10, but not enough. Even with Windows 10, users still must take advantage of anti-virus, anti-malware–and even then they cannot be certain. Consider how recently CCleaner was found to contain malicious code, and it’s pretty easy to draw the conclusion that the software meant to protect Windows cannot be trusted.
Linux, on the other hand, doesn’t suffer from those same rampant insecurities. Is it perfect? By no means. Although many would argue that market share is the reason Linux doesn’t suffer from the same deluge of malicious code that cripples Windows 10, I would point to the very design of Linux security making it harder for hackers to write the actual code to inject into Linux machines. It can still be done, it just takes a bit more effort than it does on Windows.
Mention updates to any Window 10 user and they’ll cringe. I remember the first time I rebooted a Windows 10 machine, the update took two hours. That’s no exaggeration. I can install 12 LAMP servers on bare metal in that time. I’ve heard horror stories of Windows 10 users losing precious work because the operating system automatically shuts down to run updates. From my experiences, it isn’t always a given that the Windows 10 updates will be successful. In fact, every time I get that “Do not shut down your machine…” screen, I hold my breath, wondering if this will be the update to take down the machine.
Updating Linux rarely has any issue. Not only is updating with the various Linux package managers reliable, it’s fast. You can do a full apt-get dist-upgrade in the same time it takes a Windows machine to reboot (give or take a minute or so). On top of which, users are in total control of when updates happen. The operating system will not insist an update on a user. When the update message appears, users can either run the update or be reminded about it later. After an update runs, users only have to reboot if the kernel is updated (even then, they can keep working with the current running kernel and reboot at a later time).
5. Older or lesser-powered hardware
You want to see a massive difference between Windows 10 and Linux, load both up on older hardware and see how they perform. This can be made especially so by using a distribution like Peppermint OS or Lubuntu.
According to Microsoft, the minimum system requirements for Windows 10 are:
- Processor: 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster processor
- RAM: 1 GB for 32-bit or 2 GB for 64-bit
- Hard disk space: 16 GB for 32-bit OS 20 GB for 64-bit OS
- Graphics card: DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver
Any IT pro will look at that list and laugh. 1 or 2 GB of RAM will give you a Windows 10 system so slow, you’ll find yourself pulling out your hair in frustration. An average user (one who does word processing, checks email, and browses the internet) should have at least 4 GB of RAM on a Windows 10 machine. If you play games, 8 GB will barely get you by.
Ubuntu, on the other hand, requires the following minimums:
- 700 MHz processor
- 512 MB RAM
- 5 GB of hard-drive space
- VGA capable of 1024×768 screen resolution
The above requirements will have the same effect as running the minimum requirements for Windows 10. However, running Ubuntu on a machine that meets the minimum requirements for Windows 10, will give a user a solid experience.
In other words, there is no comparison to how these two handle slower/older hardware.
This comparison really only scratches the surface. And don’t get me wrong, there are areas where Windows 10 bests Linux (few, but they do exist). In the end, however, the choice is yours. Chances are you’ll be making the choice based on which platform will allow you get more work done and do so with a certain level of efficiency and reliability. I would highly recommend, to anyone, if Linux can enable you to get your work done…give it a go and see if you don’t find it more dependable and predictable.