Virtual Linux Machines
Linux Mint is an open-source ubuntu-based operating system that is community-driven. So, It is free to use and modify at will; that’s why it is loved and adopted by millions of users across the globe. It is majorly popular because of its user interface, responsiveness, and performance.
Linux Mint has three editions – Xfce, Mate, and Cinnamon. Here we will be focusing on Cinnamon.
The current latest stable version of Linux Mint 19.3 Cinnamon is with codename “Tricia.” This version is the most modern Linux system so far with innovative and full-fledged desktop features. Let’s install it.
Installing Linux Mint 19.3 on VirtualBox
Once the setup of VirtualBox is completed you're going to be taken to the Virtual Machine Manager, which is where we will do step 1.
1. Click on the create virtual machine button, it will display a popup that says Create Virtual Machine. So, let's name our machine something simple.
2. You must select the appropriate memory size for the machine, most of the time your machines will not require much memory to run Linux anything however for this I will demonstrate that you can select any amount 1024MB is considered a GB so I will dedicate 4 GB of memory to the running of this machine but you can use as little as 2gb or 2048MB.
3. After you click the next button you'll be taken to the Hard Disk creator so we will do that by selecting the Create a Virtual Hard Disk now bullet then click create.
4. Select VHD click next.
5. So, the next screen is important, it will determine where the VHD is going to be placed as well as the size of it. If you're simply testing Mint's ability then go for a size of say 30GB if you're going to be using the VM for other purposes such as development you can set it higher.
**note this part will taken some time if you use the fixed size method but the speed is much faster while using the machine itself**
6. After that process completes you'll be taken to the VM settings page which is where we will be making some adjustments.
7. Select the Storage section from the left side bar area which will bring up the various storage options available to your VM. Select the spot that says empty and it will have you browse for the linux mint iso we downloaded earlier. Select that iso and be sure it populates into the spot that said "Empty" under the Controller IDE slot in Storage Devices.
8. After you have ensured that the correct iso populated we need to actually start up the VM. So click the OK button at the bottom of that screen and proceed to start the VM while you have it selected in the left side bar, press the little green arrow.
9. So, after you have selected "start linux mint" from the installer menu it will take you to the desktop where you may notice that there is a little CD image and beneath it says Install Linux Mint. Go ahead and click that icon.
10. As you walk through the setup of Linux Mint Cinnamon 19.3 you may notice that there is a spot that says "Install Third Party Software For Graphics and Wi-Fi hardware, Flash, MP3 and Other media, go ahead and make sure you check that.
11. In this case after you click next on the screen above you may notice some red warning, dont panic it is not referring to you computers hard disk it is referring to the virtual machines hard disk from earlier so select that bullet. then click "Install Now".
12. Select your location, I'm in Virginia so I select the Eastern United States, or the New York Time zone.
13. Then name your computer whatever you like, There are obvious restrictions but the installer will not allow you to proceed should you violate them.
14. And that's all you have to do is select continue and when it is done it will prompt you to restart the machine.
Above is shown the screens that are presented in order of occurrence should it deviate from that there may be a problem.